How Abstract Is Different from the Introduction of a Research Paper

How Abstract Is Different from the Introduction of a Research Paper


Every academic write-up requires SPSS help because such write-ups involve sections to construct such as introduction, abstract, conclusion, paragraphs, etc. Writing all of these sections require proper writing skills, great subject knowledge, and a lot of other efforts. Every section has its own purpose to fulfil. In this blog post, we will talk about the abstract and introduction. We will learn how these two are different from each other.
Every assignment needs to include an abstract and introduction. Whenever you will see any journal, PhD thesis, dissertation, etc. you will see an abstract followed by an introduction. An abstract is shorter than an introduction. It covers only a quarter or one-third of the entire A4 page, on the other hand, the introduction covers at least the whole single page. Other than length, there are other differences also. Let us discuss them here and let’s read on further.

What do we mean by an abstract?

An abstract is also referred to as an executive summary. The objective of writing an abstract is to provide an overall summary of the need of the study, the project’s purpose, the research questionnaire, the key materials and methods used, and the main results and conclusions are drawn from the study. Abstracts can also be concluded with a sentence representing the importance and impact of the research.
The abstract should be written so effectively that the reader can understand the topic of the paper by reading it and can decide of reading the entire paper in detail. Reading abstracts are beneficial for researchers who are performing a literature review. Since writing a literature review requires evaluating a large number of papers critically, hence reading abstracts then helps you identify which paper is useful to use. Looking at the difficulty in writing an abstract within a specified word limit, researchers take help from SPSS tutors.
The abstracts of academic journal papers are important to read because you got to know the hidden work behind paywalls, which is also very helpful in learning what the authors did. Researchers can gain a better understanding of the work by reading the abstract before deciding whether to read the full paper. Abstracts are always available for free, so it's up to each researcher to decide whether to read the whole text. The abstract always comes after the title page and readers usually prefer to read this section to get a better insight into the entire paper.

How to write an abstract

An abstract is a written summary of your work and often takes up the bulk of your paper. The objective of an abstract is to explain what you've done so that it can be more accessible to those who might not have read your entire research paper. Universities and many academic journals allow a 250 to 500 words limit for writing an abstract. Because of formatting styles, an abstract can be called structured or non-structured. Here we will talk about structured abstract which is preferably used by most researchers. The structure of that abstract includes:

    1. Background

      This is also known as the introduction. This section provides the details of currently known facts about the research topic and what research gap needs to be fulfilled. The reader must get an idea of the problem your study is going to solve. Remember you don’t have to include any citations or references.

    2. Aim & objective

      Briefly describe what the study aims to accomplish and the research question or questions you propose. You can include a hypothesis also.

    3. Materials & methods

      Methods sections should include information about your study design, what you investigated, and how you conducted the study.

    4. Results

      Give an outline of your key finding and conclusions.

    5. Discussion & conclusion

      Some journals may ask you to include these two sections in your abstract separately. This section explains why you may have obtained the results you did, what these results mean, and what impact or significance they may have.

If you've ever read an abstract for a conference paper, you'll know how important it is to make it interesting and easy to read. But just how do you make your abstract stand out among the crowd? If it's too long or boring, your abstract will be rejected before you even submit it. If your abstract doesn't cover the aforementioned points of your research project in a concise manner, reviewers may simply not read beyond the first two sentences. If you find it difficult to structure your research paper abstract by yourself then you can get SPSS assignment help also who are well-versed in this task.

What do we mean by an introduction?

The introduction is the first section written after the abstract of a thesis. In the case of research papers, the introduction comes after the section on materials and methods, on the other hand, in the case of thesis writing, the introduction comes after the literature review. The introduction is written to provide more details about the study to the readers. According to the previous literature, it should include a brief summary of the key current knowledge and identify the gaps in the current knowledge. The introduction must be able to justify the need for your research. Remember you have to provide all the references of the publications you have used. The introduction of your scientific paper must include the aim of your study, your research objectives, and questions. If it seems relevant to you, you can include your hypothesis also.

How to write an introduction

Generally to write an introduction for a research paper, font size 12 with font style Times New Roman is used. The entire introduction will be written in four paragraphs, covering a whole single page. The four paragraphs will be structured as follows:

    1. Give background information on the subject area, setting the context for the research study.
    2. Research gaps - i.e. what is currently known from previous publications versus what is poorly understood - should be discussed.
    3. Why is this study necessary for your field of research, i.e. how it will help bridge the knowledge gap?
    4. Describe the study's aims, objectives, and hypothesis in broad terms.

Do not include any research sections, not even any result or conclusion.

abstract writing tips


Now you must be clear about the differences between an abstract and an introduction. For better understanding and writing the abstract and the introduction for your research paper, you can take help from SPSS experts or any professional writing service provider. Or you can read other examples from various research articles and start writing accordingly. Good luck!

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